THE WISDOM FUND: News & Views
March 25, 2013
Wired

NATO Researchers: Stuxnet Attack on Iran Was Illegal 'Act of Force'

by Kim Zetter

A cyberattack that sabotaged Iran's uranium enrichment program was an "act of force" and was likely illegal, according to research commissioned by NATO's cyberwarfare center.

"Acts that kill or injure persons or destroy or damage objects are unambiguously uses of force" and likely violate international law, according to the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare, a study produced by international legal experts at the request of NATO's Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence in Estonia. . . .

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Tahani Karrar, "Third Middle East Undersea Cable Cut," Zawya Dow Jones, February 1, 2008

M J Rosenberg, "The Coming Iran War," Huffington Post, May 28, 2010

Seumas Milne, "War on Iran Has Already Begun," Guardian, December 7, 2011

Pepe Escobar, "Surrender Now or We'll Bomb You Later," Asia Times, April 11, 2012

Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill, "Obama orders US to draw up overseas target list for cyber-attacks," guardian.co.uk, June 7, 2012

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