by Kim Zetter
A cyberattack that sabotaged Iran's uranium enrichment program was an "act of force" and
was likely illegal, according to research commissioned by NATO's cyberwarfare center.
"Acts that kill or injure persons or destroy or damage objects are unambiguously uses of
force" and likely violate international law, according to the Tallinn Manual on the
International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare, a study produced by international legal
experts at the request of NATO's Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence in
Estonia. . . .
Tahani Karrar, "Third Middle East Undersea
Cable Cut," Zawya Dow Jones, February 1, 2008
M J Rosenberg, "The Coming Iran War,"
Huffington Post, May 28, 2010
Seumas Milne, "War on Iran Has Already Begun,"
Guardian, December 7, 2011
Pepe Escobar, "Surrender Now or We'll Bomb You
Later," Asia Times, April 11, 2012
Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill, "Obama
orders US to draw up overseas target list for cyber-attacks," guardian.co.uk, June 7, 2012