September 7, 2013
The Wisdom Fund
An Attack on Syria Neither Lawful Nor Just
According to the Charter of the United Nations:
No State or group of States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, for any reason whatever, in the
internal or external affairs of any other State. Consequently, armed intervention and all other forms of
interference or attempted threats against the personality of the State or against its political, economic and
cultural elements, are in violation of international law.
The Catholic church's criteria for a Just War:
The strict conditions for legitimate defense by military force require rigorous consideration. The gravity of such
a decision makes it subject to rigorous conditions of moral legitimacy. At one and the same time:
According to University of California professor Huston Smith, author of The World's Religions: "The Koran's definition of
a Holy War is virtually identical with that of a Just War in the Canon Law of Catholicism."
- the damage inflicted by the aggressor on the nation or community of nations must be lasting,
grave, and certain;
- all other means of putting an end to it must have been shown to be impractical or ineffective;
- there must be serious prospects of success;
- the use of arms must not produce evils and disorders graver than the evil to be eliminated.
The UN High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change defined
terrorism as any action intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians
or non-combatants with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a
government or an international organisation to do, or abstain from, any act.
["There is no 'just war,'" the some 80 participants of the conference state in an appeal
they released Thursday morning.
"Too often the 'just war theory' has been used to endorse rather than prevent or limit
war," they continue. "Suggesting that a 'just war' is possible also undermines the moral
imperative to develop tools and capacities for nonviolent transformation of
conflict."--Joshua J. McElwee, "Landmark Vatican conference rejects just war
theory, asks for encyclical on nonviolence," ncronline.org, April 14, 2016]