THE WISDOM FUND: News & Views
August 5, 2019
BBC.com

Article 370: India Strips Disputed Kashmir of Special Status

India's government has revoked part of the constitution that gives Indian-administered Kashmir special status, prompting fears of unrest.

Article 370 is sensitive because it guarantees significant autonomy for the Muslim-majority state.

The measure was accompanied by a telecoms and media blackout which began on Sunday evening.

There is a long-running insurgency on the Indian side. India and Pakistan fought several conflicts over Kashmir.

For many Kashmiris, Article 370 was the main justification for being a part of India and by revoking it, the BJP has irrevocably changed Delhi's relationship with the region, the BBC's Geeta Pandey reports from Delhi.

Meanwhile India's parliament is expected to pass a bill splitting Indian-administered Kashmir into two territories governed directly by Delhi. . . .

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[While some say around 1,00,000 of them had left the valley, others suggest figures as high as 1,50,000 to 1,90,000.

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[In November 1947, thousands of Muslims were massacred in Jammu region by mobs and paramilitaries led by the army of Dogra ruler Hari Singh.

The exact number of casualties in the killings that continued for two months is not known but estimates range from 20,000 to 237,000 and nearly half million forced into displacement across the border into the newly created nation of Pakistan and its administered part of Kashmir.--Rifat Fareed, "The forgotten massacre that ignited the Kashmir dispute," aljazeera.com,November 6, 2017]

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[Most experts agree that the sole purpose of this change in the status of Kashmir is gentrification of the Valley. It would allow Hindu nationalists to buy land in Kashmir and change the demographics.--S. Amjad Hussain, "Actions in Kashmir should not be overlooked," toledoblade.com, August 14, 2019]

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[after the initial euphoria, even the beleaguered Pandits have come to realise that the scrapping of the impugned Article has made no difference to their travails--Badri Raina, "The Failing Art of Selling Normalcy in Kashmir," thewire.in, October 10, 2019]

[Under Article 371 of the constitution, 10 other states enjoy protections that other states do not have - a situation the government said was intolerable in the case of Jammu and Kashmir.--Prem Shankar Jha, "India's Fate Hangs in the Balance, Only the Supreme Court Can Save Us Now," thewire.in, October 20, 2019 ]

Srinath Raghavan, "Military Historian Separates Myth From Fact On Article 370," The Wire, October 22, 2019

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