August 5, 2019

Article 370: India Strips Disputed Kashmir of Special Status

India's government has revoked part of the constitution that gives Indian-administered Kashmir special status, prompting fears of unrest.

Article 370 is sensitive because it guarantees significant autonomy for the Muslim-majority state.

The measure was accompanied by a telecoms and media blackout which began on Sunday evening.

There is a long-running insurgency on the Indian side. India and Pakistan fought several conflicts over Kashmir.

For many Kashmiris, Article 370 was the main justification for being a part of India and by revoking it, the BJP has irrevocably changed Delhi's relationship with the region, the BBC's Geeta Pandey reports from Delhi.

Meanwhile India's parliament is expected to pass a bill splitting Indian-administered Kashmir into two territories governed directly by Delhi. . . .


India Political Map

"Indian Freedom is written on Muslims' blood,", September 24, 2001

"Resolution 47 (1948): On the India-Pakistan question submitted jointly by the Representatives for Belgium, Canada, China, Colombia, the United Kingdom and United States of America and adopted by the Security Council," UN Security Council, April 21, 1948

"A brief history of the Kashmir conflict,", September 24, 2001

But legal cover was still required for military intervention by India, and on October 26 this was duly provided by Menon, with a forged declaration of accession to India by the Maharajah, supposedly brought back by him from Srinagar, when in fact he was still in Delhi - a document recently 'discovered', on which the Indian state bases its entire claim to the Kashmir, but was unable to produce for half a century.--Perry Anderson, "The Indian Ideology," Verso; Reprint edition (November 5, 2013), page 80

"India Has Become a Dystopia of Extremes," CounterPunch, January 3, 2014

[While some say around 1,00,000 of them had left the valley, others suggest figures as high as 1,50,000 to 1,90,000.

A report by the Jammu and Kashmir government says as many as 219 people from this community were killed in the region between 1989 and 2004.--"Exodus of Kashmiri Pandits: What happened on January 19, 26 years ago?,", January 19, 2016]

Eric Margolis, "Beware the Kashmir Volcano,", September 25, 2016

"Dr. Shashi Tharoor stunned Mehdi Hasan," UpFront, August 27, 2017

"India was richest country in the world when ruled by Muslims," September 21, 2017 [List of regions by past GDP]

[In November 1947, thousands of Muslims were massacred in Jammu region by mobs and paramilitaries led by the army of Dogra ruler Hari Singh.

The exact number of casualties in the killings that continued for two months is not known but estimates range from 20,000 to 237,000 and nearly half million forced into displacement across the border into the newly created nation of Pakistan and its administered part of Kashmir.--Rifat Fareed, "The forgotten massacre that ignited the Kashmir dispute,",November 6, 2017]

The Kashmir conflict, explained, Al Jazeera, June 27, 2018

REPORT: "Khushwant Singh: 'Indian Freedom is written on Muslims' blood',", November 15, 2018

Kashmir The Story: The History & Timelines Of Kashmir Valley, Times Now, August 5, 2019

"Black Day In Constitutional History": P Chidambaram On Article 370 Scrapping, NDTV, August 5, 2019

Jammu And Kashmir Stripped Of Statehood: The Myth Of Special Status, NDTV, August 6, 2019

"Kashmir in lockdown after autonomy scrapped,", August 6, 2019

Kashmir Move A Turning Point In History? Shashi Tharoor, Jay Panda Debate, NDTV, August 9, 2019

Eric Margolis, "Hair- Trigger Nuclear Alert Over Kashmir,", August 10, 2019

C. Christine Fair, "India's Move in Kashmir: Unpacking the Domestic and International Motivations and Implications,", August 12, 2019

Air Vice-Marshal (Retd.) Kapil Kak, "A Guide to Kashmir Conflict," The Quint, August 13, 2019

[Most experts agree that the sole purpose of this change in the status of Kashmir is gentrification of the Valley. It would allow Hindu nationalists to buy land in Kashmir and change the demographics.--S. Amjad Hussain, "Actions in Kashmir should not be overlooked,", August 14, 2019]

Tamoghna Halder, "Kashmir's struggle did not start in 1947 and will not end today,", August 15, 2019

Arundhati Roy, "The Silence Is the Loudest Sound,", August 17, 2019

J&K Detentions "A Classic Colonial Excuse": Amartya Sen, NDTV, August 19, 2019

"Article 370 Dilution: How Centre, not Kashmir, Has Lost Special Status," The Wire, August 22, 2019

"Dissent Should Be Seen As An Alternate View of What's Good For the Country," The Wire, August 27, 2019

Sheikh Saaliq, "India Arrests a Senior Kashmiri Leader Under a Controversial Law,", September 16, 2019

"Pakistan PM Imran Khan addresses United Nations General Assembly," Al Jazeera, September 27, 2019

"The Silencing of Kashmir: Arundhati Roy on India, Modi, and Fascism,", October 3, 2019

[after the initial euphoria, even the beleaguered Pandits have come to realise that the scrapping of the impugned Article has made no difference to their travails--Badri Raina, "The Failing Art of Selling Normalcy in Kashmir,", October 10, 2019]

[Under Article 371 of the constitution, 10 other states enjoy protections that other states do not have - a situation the government said was intolerable in the case of Jammu and Kashmir.--Prem Shankar Jha, "India's Fate Hangs in the Balance, Only the Supreme Court Can Save Us Now,", October 20, 2019 ]

Srinath Raghavan, "Military Historian Separates Myth From Fact On Article 370," The Wire, October 22, 2019

[secure access to the five rivers that run through the state of Jammu and Kashmir--Arundhati Roy, "India: Intimations of an Ending,", November 23, 2019]

AUDIO: "Rana Ayyub on India's Crackdown on Muslims," The New Yorker, December 2, 2019

Dexter Filkins, "Blood and Soil in Narendra Modi's India,", December 2, 2019

Samanth Subramanian, "How Hindu supremacists are tearing India apart,", February 20, 2020

Kashmiri Pandits -- What happened in 1990? 30 Years Exodus of Kashmiri Hindus, February 24, 2020

Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, "The Terrorist Who Got Away,", March 19, 2020

"'Demographic flooding': India introduces new Kashmir domicile law,", April 1, 2020

Is India changing Kashmir's demography? TRT World, June 29, 2020

Kashmir: 1yr after Article 370 abrogation, Deshbhakt, August 1, 2020

Arundhati Roy, "Modi's brutal treatment of Kashmir exposes his tactics - and their flaws,", August 5, 2020

Farooq Abdullah Says 'Kashmiris Do Not Feel Indian, Today They'd Rather Have the Chinese Rule Them', NDTV, September 23, 2020

Silenced and shut down: Kashmir's year of lockdown, Al-Jazeera, October 17, 2020

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