THE WISDOM FUND: The Truth About islam

Sir Syed's Doshala Donated To AMU

A doshala given to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan by the British government was donated to Aligarh Muslim University on behalf of the late Mrs. Atiya Masud. The doshala was presented to Dr. Mahmood-ur-Rahman, Vice Chancellor, during the December 1998 ceremony commemorating Sir Syed's Centenary. Sir Syed, were he alive today, would have been proud of the woman who came to inherit his doshala, and perhaps some of his spirit.


Atiya Masud, nee Atiya Fatima, was the oldest daughter of Mirza Mohammad Said and Zahra Mohammedi Begum - the granddaughter of Syed Hamid, the elder son of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Her father, a professor of English at Government College, Lahore, was a student of the great philosopher-poet Allama Mohammad Iqbal, and later his colleague and friend.

Like Sir Syed, Atiya's parents placed great emphasis on education. She attended Isabella Thorpe College, Lucknow, and Inderprastha College, Delhi. She was a woman of many accomplishments, including an educator, but she was first and foremost a wife and mother.

Atiya married Mirza Nasiruddin Masud, vice-captain, and center-half of the legendary India hockey team which won the gold medal at the 1936 World Olympics in Berlin. The newly married couple moved to Rampur State where Masud became Chief Secretary. Colonel B. H. Zaidi, who later became a Vice-Chancellor of AMU, was then Chief Minister. It was in Rampur that Atiya began taking on activities outside the home, this at a time when most Indian Muslim women observed "purdah."

I remember the Montessori school I attended in Rampur, and the girls college next door. Much later I learned that mother was a founder of that Montessori school, and it was she who persuaded the Nawab to allow a little used palace to be converted to a girls college of which she became the head mistress, a job she undertook without pay. And it was in Rampur that I played with a toy train complete with engine, and cars with seats and bunk beds. It did not strike me as unusual that the train was built by my mother who also found time to knit sweaters for me and my sister Raziya, and to run the house.

In 1947 I was sent to Woodstock, Mussoorie, an American boarding school in the Himalayas. I returned to my grandparents home in Delhi amidst the cataclysmic partition of India. Many years later I learned that our parents had been visiting father's parents in New Delhi, and of their escape from a mob threatening to kill everyone inside. They fled to the home of mother's parents on Sir Syed Ahmad Road - one of four houses at this location belonging to Sir Syed's grandchildren.

During the rioting that followed partition Salman, the youngest son was born, father began working with Mahatma Gandhi, and become the private secretary to the Minister for Education, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a close friend of Mirza Mohammad Said - mother's father. By then virtually all our relatives had fled to Pakistan. We moved to New Delhi where mother opened a Montessori school at home. A few years later she met Mr. Albert Joosten who had been raised by Dr. Maria Montessori, and with him conducted training courses for Montessori teachers. During a training course in Calcutta she met Mother Teresa, and worked with her for several months.

Mother lived in two worlds. I recall trips into Old Delhi where she observed "purdah," and the New Delhi where she lived, worked in refugee camps, and served as the hostess at dinners in the home of Maulana Azad, and later in the foreign missions with our father where she organized state dinners, community events, and played bridge, chess and tennis. Throughout her busy life she attended to her children, the children's friends, and to the relatives who stayed with us for months at a time - while keeping up a steady correspondence with the new friends she made on her travels. However, the family always came first, and hardly a day went by that we didn't have meals together.

Father became the first Asian to head a UNESCO mission (Indonesia), Consul General to Muscat and Oman, and Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. Syed Shehabuddin, a leading Muslim politician, was then First Secretary in the Indian embassy.

In Saudi Arabia mother came to know Queen Iffat, and advised her on the education of her children. Before she left Saudi Arabia, she met with King Faisal in his palace - an unprecedented event arranged by the Queen.

I attended St. Stephens College, and in 1960 the University of Oklahoma in the United States. Several years later, first Salman, and then Raziya came to the U.S. Father retired, mother worked in Indira Gandhi's election campaign, and took me to visit Mrs. Gandhi during one of my trips to India, and although both parents often visited the U.S., I lost touch with India. But marriage and fate rekindled my interest in India, and my ancestors.


In 1972 I married Neelam Misal, daughter of the co-founder of Himalaya Drug Company, and a graduate of AMU. Although Sir Syed was mentioned at that time, I retained only a vague idea of my relationship to him. I moved to Washington, D.C. in 1975 where I came across the book "Aligarh's First Generation." I wondered why an American student would do a doctoral dissertation on Sir Syed. Mother told me she had assisted the author in his research for the book. Then in 1987, while on assignment for USAID in Pakistan, I saw a sign on vacant property next to the USAID building identifying it as the location for a memorial to Sir Syed. And it was on my second USAID assignment to Pakistan in 1991 when I came across an article in The Nation that led me to the realization that Sir Syed's contribution to the Muslims of India extended far beyond the boundaries of the great university he founded.

1991 was the year of another convulsion - the Gulf War. I had quit my USAID assignment, gone to India, and had been listening, albeit not with great enthusiasm, to my father on Islam, the condition of Muslims, and of Indian politics. I had also thought of tracing my ancestry, and was taking notes from my mother when she asked if I wanted to see Sir Syed's doshala. She pointed out the single thread embroidery which she had been told was no longer done, and where the center piece, which had been replaced, joined the original, embroidered borders of the doshala. She described our family tree, and related stories about our ancestors while I took notes.

I also learned that she had Sir Syed's seal, but it had been lost along with father's Olympic gold medal. Little did I know that the Gulf War, and this visit home, would lead me in a new direction. I began writing about U.S. foreign policy, and the unjust treatment of Muslims, for the Eastern Times, and eventually on the Internet through The Wisdom Fund.

Father passed away shortly after the 1991 visit, and mother, with great reluctance, came to live in the U.S. Mother, who had been carried in palanquins before the partition of India, had long been travelling in jet airplanes. She maintained her enthusiasm for reading and learning, and stayed abreast of world affairs. From her I came to learn more about our ancestors, and Sir Syed.

Mother passed away in 1997. We buried her next to father in a cemetery at Nizamuddin, New Delhi. The Sir Syed family tree she described was checked by other family members, and placed on the Internet. Now I wish I had listened more carefully to the stories mother used to tell, and participated more fully in those discussions with father with his vast knowlege of world history and diplomacy.

My writing led eventually to my meeting with the U.S. based American Federation of Muslims from India, and to my visiting AMU in December 1998 to commemorate the centenary of Sir Syed's demise. Here I had the privelege and honor to donate Sir Syed's doshala to the university where it rightly belongs.

[Presented by Mr. Enver Masud to Aligarh Muslim University in India, December 12, 1998, during the innaugural session of the conference commemorating Sir Syed's death. Mr. Masud is founder and president of The Wisdom Fund.]

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